What are human rights?
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings irrespective of of religion, nationality, ethnic origin , colour and gender. The basic rights include the right to life and liberty , freedom of thought and expression and equality before the law. I would like to add that right to education too is a basic right.
Why is education necessary?
When India attained independence in 1947 , there were many children unlettered and slipping into a dark future. There is hope where education is a right of every child.
Every child born has a right to go to school ,learn the 3 R's i.e. reading , writing and arithmetic. Education empowers a human being to a good start in life , it equips the person to earn his living and livelihood and ultimately his/her independence , boosts his confidence and prevents unscrupulous people from taking advantage. Education holds the promise of ensuring a bright and stable future for the children.
The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right
The RTE Act provides for the:
(i) Right of children to free and compulsory education till completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school.
(ii) It clarifies that ‘compulsory education’ means obligation of the appropriate government to provide free elementary education and ensure compulsory admission, attendance and completion of elementary education to every child in the six to fourteen age group. ‘Free’ means that no child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education.
(iii) It makes provisions for a non-admitted child to be admitted to an age appropriate class.
(iv) It specifies the duties and responsibilities of appropriate Governments, local authority and parents in providing free and compulsory education, and sharing of financial and other responsibilities between the Central and State Governments.
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