The uterus is an organ of the female reproductive system. The uterus, also known as the
womb, is where a bay grows when a woman is pregnant.
Uterus is shaped like an up-side down pear and has thick walls.
The uterus's main function is to house and nourish a fetus until it's ready for birth.
where is the uterus located?
The uterus sits in the middle of the pelvis, behind the bladder and in front of the rectum.
The actual position of the uterus within the pelvis varies from person to person.Each
position has its own name
Anteverted uterus : tips slightly forward.
Retroverted uterus : bends slightly backwards.
Both these positions are normal and the position of the uterus can change throughout a
woman's life, most frequently after a pregnancy.
Fundus : is the upper part of the uterus. It is broad and curved. The fallopian tubes
attach to the uterus just below the fundus.
Corpus : is the main body of theuterus. it is very muscular and can stretch to
accommodate a developing fetus. During labour, the muscular walls contract to help push
the baby through cervix and vagina.
Isthmus : is the portion of the uterus between the corpus and the cervix . thi is where
the walls of the uterus begin to narrow towards the cervix.
Cervix : is the lowest part of the uterus.Glands in the cervical lining usually produce a
thick mucus. However, during ovulation, this becomes thinner to allow the sperm to pass
easily to the uterus.
Congenital uterine conditions. : 1 in 300 women are born with a congenital uterine
condition in some cases it causes pregnancy complications.
Endometriosis : happens when the endometrium, which usually lines the uterus, grows on
the outside of the uterus, Fallopian tubes, or pelvic lining. It can cause severe pain
during menstruation or intercourse.
Uterine fibroids : are non-cancerous growths on the walls of the uterus. While fibroid
dont always cause symptoms, some women experience bleeding and pain.
Uterine prolapse : happens when an organ's support system is stretched or damaged.
This happens when part of uterus slips down into the vagina.
Pelvic inflammatory diseases
(PID) is an infection within the female reproductive organs. It is caused by bacteria. The
main symptoms are lower abdominal pain, as well as pain during intercourse and
urination. If left untreated PID can cause infertility and an increased risk of ectopic
Cancer : while uterine cancer can start anywhere in the uterus, it is most common in the
endometrium. Cancer can also affect the cells of the cervix, causing cervical cancer.
Tips for healthy uterus:
Pap smears : can detect precancerous changes in cervix in addition to other uterine
Get vaccinated against HPV.
Use condom : helps to prevents sexually transmitted diseases.
Eat foods rich in folic acid,foods rich in vitamin C, foods rich in beta carotene such as
carrots and squash, foods rich in vitamin E.
what happens when uterus is removed?
Hysterectomy is the surgical procedure to remove a woman's uterus. The extent of
hysterectomy varies depending on the reason for the surgery. The doctor may also
remove the ovaries and the fallopian tubes during the procedure. Once hysterectomy is
done , a woman stops having menstrual periods and is unable to become pregnant.
Garba is a form of dance which originated in the state of Gujarat, India.
The word garba comes from the Sanskrit word garb which means womb and so it imples
gestation or pregnancy (life). Traditionally, the dance is performed around a clay lantern
with a light inside, called garba Deep ( womb lamp) . The lantern represents life and the
fetus in the womb. The dancers thus honour DURGA, the feminine form of divinity.
What is surrogacy?
It is an arrangement, often supported by a legal agreement, whereby a woman( the
surrogate mother) agrees to become pregnant and give birth to a child for another person
who is or will become the parent of the child.People seek surrogacy when pregnancy is
medically impossible, when pregnancy risks are too dangerous for the intended mother. It
is considered one of the many assisted reproductive technologies.
Readers, have you taken part in Garba dance? what other dance form is performed in
Information courtesy Google.
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