Wednesday, 24 April 2019

Vertebral column : Parts of the body

                         Top post on IndiBlogger, the biggest community of Indian Bloggers

                                         A to Z 2019

The vertebral column also known as the backbone or spine is part of the axial 

skeleton.The vertebral column houses the spinal canal, a cavity that encloses and 

protects the spinal cord. 

In human vertebral column there are normally 33 vertebrae, the upper 24 are articulating 

and separated from each other by Inter-vertebral discus, and the lower 9 are fused in 

adults.The articulating vertebrae are named according to their region of the spine. There 

are seven cervical vertebrae , 12 thoracic vertebrae and 5 lumbar vertebrae. 

Cervical spine : 7 vertebrae ( C1-C7)

Thoracic spine : 12 vertebrae ( T1-T12)

Lumbar spine : 5 vertebrae (L1-L5)

Sacrum : 5 (fused) vertebrae (S1-S5)

Coccyx : 4 (3-5)(fused) vertebrae (Tailbone)

A typical vertebra consists of 2 parts : the vertebral body and the vertebral arch. The 

vertebral arch is posterior, i.e. it faces the back of the person.


The upper cervical spine has a curve, convex forward, that begins at the axis and ends at 

the middle of the second thoracic vertebra. This inward curve is known as a lordotic 



The vertebral column surrounds the spinal cord which travels within the spinal canal, 

formed from a central hole within each vertebra. The spinal cord is part of the central 

nervous system that supplies nerves and receives information from the peripheral nervous 

system within the body.


Spina bifida is a congenital disorder in which there is a defective closure of the vertebral 

arch. sometimes the spinal meninges and also the spinal cord can protrude through this, 

and this is called Spine bifida cystica. Where the condition does not involve this 

protrusion  it is known as Spina bifida occulta. Sometimes all of the vertebral arches may 

remain incomplete.

Spinal disc herniation, more commonly called a 'slipped disc'is the result of a tear in the 

outer ring of the intervertebral disc , which lets some of the soft gel-like material, the 

nucleus pulposus, bulge out in the hernia.

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal which can occur in any region of the 

spine though less commonly in the thoracic region. The stenosis can constrict the spinal 

canal giving rise to a neurological deficit.

                                     How to strengthen the spine? 

The bridge pose exercise (see video above) is designed to help and strengthen the 

muscles in the back, buttocks and hamstrings.

                                   What foods are good for the spine?

Magnesium found in green leafy vegetables, fish, beans,seeds,nuts, whole grains,yogurt 

bananas is good for the strengthening of the spine.

                        How does one keep the spine healthy as one ages?

Practice good posture when one stands or sits.

Maintain a healthy weight

Exercise to keep back and abdomen strong and flexible.

Good and comfortable footwear to support the spine.

  Readers, hope you are practicing Bridge pose for a strong spine? I do.

Information courtesy Google

YouTube video

                        I am participating in the A to Z Challenge. 

Day 3.Chin & Cheeks                         Day 4. Dimples 
Day 5. Eye                                        Day 6. Feet
Day 7 . Gums/Gingiva                       Day 8. Hair 
Day 9. Intestine                                Day 10. Jaws                                   

Day 11. Kidneys                                Day 12. Lungs

Day 13. Mouth                                  Day 14. Nails 

Day 15. Ovary                                      Day 16. Pituitary-gland

Day 17.  Quadriceps                             Day 18.  Ribs                        

Day 19. Spleen                                  Day 20. Trachea

Day 21. Uterus


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  3. The vertebral column is vitally important, isn't it? As is almost everything in our bodies.

    1. it is considered to be the 'backbone'of our body , literally too. Thanks Kalpanaa.

  4. It is really hard to maintain a healthy posture when one works a desk job... :( I try my best but it is still uncomfortable.

    The Multicolored Diary

    1. It is hard to maintain a healthy posture. So take breaks in between and walk around. Thanks A Tarkabarka H.

  5. So often I hear people going 'ooh my back'! Look after you VC and it will look after you.

    My A-Z of Children's Stories

  6. The back begins to ache as one ages and have to take care of the VC. Thanks Keith for reading and commenting.

  7. I have a few friends who have suffered from slip disc and it is truly a painful condition.
    Bridge pose seems tough but it is certainly needed to strengthen the VC!

    1. great Care has to be taken for slip-disc patients. The bridge pose with practice is easy and very relaxing for the VC,Shilpa. I do it everyday.

  8. Kalpana,

    My posture was horrible when I was young and even into early adulthood. I have better posture now but I find it difficult to maintain a straight back when I sit too long like I've been doing this month. My upper back and neck are paying the consequences for it, too. Thanks for visiting today. We're almost done for another year of a2zing.

    A2Z Little Mermaid art sketch series 'Vanessa'

  9. Posture is a big problem when you are spending most of your day in front of the computer!

    I have continuous backache these days. Will do this bridge pose. That sarp asana also helps.

    Find my V post @ My Favorite Video Game As A Kid: Nintendo Oil Panic

    1. Posture play a very important part in our life. Backaches troubles us and curtail our productivity. thanks Chicky K.

  10. Thank you for the detailed information and nice tips about the correct posture

  11. You are very right, we must pay attention to the posture. I will start doing Bridge pose. Thanks for the info.
    Read my V post here VALUES

    1. I regularly practice Bridge pose and it is beneficial. Thanks Kislaya G.

  12. Hey thats quite an informative post on Vertebral. I will keep tab on the food list you mentioned here for my diet too. I missed AtoZ this year due to city movements n bad planning. Ah have a good time!

    1. thanks Ekta K for reading and commenting. diet and exercises are all to be taken care off.


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